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Icinga Web 2 provides localization out of the box - for itself and the core modules. This module is for third party module developers to aid them to localize their work.

The chapters Translation for Developers, Translation for Translators and Testing Translations will introduce and explain you, how to take part on localizing modules to different languages.

Translation for Developers

To make use of the built-in translations in your module’s code or views, you should use the method $this->translate('String to be translated'), let’s have a look at an example:


class ExampleController extends Controller
    public function indexAction()
        $this->view->title = $this->translate('Hello World');

So if there a translation available for the Hello World string you will get an translated output, depends on the language which is set in your configuration as the default language, if it is de_DE the output would be Hallo Welt.

The same works also for views:

<h1><?= $this->title ?></h1>
    <?= $this->translate('Hello World') ?>
    <?= $this->translate('String to be translated') ?>

If you need to provide placeholders in your messages, you should wrap the $this->translate() with sprintf() for e.g. sprintf($this->translate(‘Hello User: (%s)’), $user->getName())

Translating plural forms

To provide a plural translation, just use the translatePlural() function.


class ExampleController extends Controller
    public function indexAction()
        $this->view->message = $this->translatePlural('Service', 'Services', 3);

Context based translation

If you want to provide context based translations, you can easily do it with an extra parameter in both methods translate() and translatePlural().


class ExampleController extends Controller
    public function indexAction()
        $this->view->title = $this->translate('My Title', 'mycontext');
        $this->view->message = $this->translatePlural('Service', 'Services', 3, 'mycontext');

Translation for Translators


If you want to translate Icinga Web 2 or any module made by Icinga, please head over to instead. We won’t accept any contributions in this regard other than those made there.

Icinga Web 2 internally uses the UNIX standard gettext tool to perform internationalization, this means translation files in the .po file format are supplied for text strings used in the code.

There are a lot of tools and techniques to work with .po localization files, you can choose what ever you prefer. We won’t let you alone on your first steps and therefore we’ll introduce you a nice tool, called Poedit.


First of all, you have to download and install Poedit. When you are done, you have to configure Poedit.


Personalize: Please provide your Name and E-Mail under Identity.


Editor: Under the Behavior the Automatically compile .mo files on save, should be disabled.


Translations Memory: Under the Database please add your languages, for which are you writing translations.

Translations Memory

When you are done, just save your new settings.

Editing .po files


ll_CC stands for ll=language and CC=country code for e.g de_DE, fr_FR, ru_RU, it_IT etc.

To work with .po files, open or create the one for your language located under application/locale/ll_CC/LC_MESSAGES/yourmodule.po. As shown below, you will get then a full list of all available translation strings for the module. Each module names its translation files %module_name%.po.

Full list of strings

Now you can make changes and when there is no translation available, Poedit would mark it with a blue color, as shown below.

Untranslated strings

And when you want to test your changes, please read more about under the chapter Testing Translations.

Testing Translations

If you want to try out your translation changes in Icinga Web 2, you can make use of the CLI translations commands.


Please make sure that the gettext package is installed

To get an easier development with translations, you can activate the translation module which provides CLI commands, after that you would be able to refresh and compile your .po files.

Let’s assume, we want to provide German translations for our just new created module yourmodule.

If we haven’t yet any translations strings in our .po file or even the .po file, we can use the CLI command, to do the job for us:

icingacli translation refresh module yourmodule de_DE

This will go through all .php and .phtml files inside the module and a look after $this->translate() if there is something to translate - if there is something and is not available in the yourmodule.po it will update this file for us with new strings.

Now you can open the application/locale/de_DE/LC_MESSAGES/yourmodule.po and you will see something similar:

# Icinga Web 2 - Head for multiple monitoring backends.
# Copyright (C) 2014 Icinga Development Team
# This file is distributed under the same license as Development Module.
msgid ""
msgstr ""
"Project-Id-Version: Development Module (0.0.1)\n"
"POT-Creation-Date: 2014-09-09 10:12+0200\n"
"PO-Revision-Date: YEAR-MO-DA HO:MI+ZONE\n"
"Last-Translator: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>\n"
"Language: ll_CC\n"
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <>\n"
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"

#: /modules/yourmodule/configuration.php:6
msgid "yourmodule"
msgstr ""

Great, now you can adjust the file and provide the German msgstr for yourmodule.

#: /modules/yourmodule/configuration.php:6
msgid "Dummy"
msgstr "Attrappe"

The last step is to compile the yourmodule.po to the

icingacli translation compile module yourmodule de_DE


After compiling it you need to restart the web server to get new translations available in your module.

At this moment, everywhere in the module where the Dummy should be translated, it would return the translated string Attrappe.