SELinux is a mandatory access control (MAC) system on Linux which adds a fine granular permission system for access to all resources on the system such as files, devices, networks and inter-process communication.
The most important questions are answered briefly in the FAQ of the SELinux Project. For more details on SELinux and how to actually use and administrate it on your systems have a look at Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 - SELinux User’s and Administrator’s Guide. For a simplified (and funny) introduction download the SELinux Coloring Book.
Icinga Web 2 is providing its own SELinux policy for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and its derivates running the targeted policy which confines Icinga Web 2 with support for all its modules. All other distributions will require some tweaks. It is not upstreamed to the reference policies yet.
The policy for Icinga Web 2 will also require the policy for Icinga 2 which provides access to its interfaces. It covers only the scenario running Icinga Web 2 in Apache HTTP Server with mod_php.
There are two ways to install the SELinux Policy for Icinga Web 2 on Enterprise Linux 7. Either install it from the provided package which is the preferred option or intall the policy manually, if you need fixes which are not yet released.
Verify that the system runs in enforcing mode.
sestatus # SELinux status: enabled # SELinuxfs mount: /sys/fs/selinux # SELinux root directory: /etc/selinux # Loaded policy name: targeted # Current mode: enforcing # Mode from config file: enforcing # Policy MLS status: enabled # Policy deny_unknown status: allowed # Max kernel policy version: 28
If problems occur, you can set icinga2 or httpd to run to run its domain in permissive mode.
You can change the configured mode by editing
/etc/selinux/config and the current mode by executing
Package installation ¶
Simply add the
selinux subpackage to your installation.
yum install icingaweb2-selinux
Manual installation ¶
This section describes the manual installation to support development and testing.
As a prerequisite install the
audit package. Enable and start the audit daemon
yum install git selinux-policy-devel audit systemctl enable auditd.service systemctl start auditd.service
To create and install the policy package run the installation script from the Icinga Web 2 source which also labels the resources.
cd packages/selinux/ ./icingaweb2.sh
Verify that Apache runs in its own domain
httpd_t and the Icinga Web 2 configuration has its own context
ps -eZ | grep http # system_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 9785 ? 00:00:00 httpd ls -ldZ /etc/icingaweb2/ # drwxrws---. root icingaweb2 system_u:object_r:icingaweb2_config_t:s0 /etc/icingaweb2/
When the SELinux policy package for Icinga Web 2 is installed, it creates its own type of apache content and labels its
icingaweb2_config_t to allow confining access to it.
The configuration is labeled
icingaweb2_config_t and other services can request access to it by using the interfaces
Files requiring read access are labeled
icingaweb2_content_t. Files requiring write access are labeled
SELinux is based on the least level of access required for a service to run. Using booleans you can grant more access in a defined way. The Icinga Web 2 policy package provides the following booleans.
Having this boolean enabled allows httpd to write to the configuration labeled
icingaweb2_config_t. This is enabled by
default. If not needed, you can disable it for more security. But this will disable all web based configuration of
Icinga Web 2.
Optional Booleans ¶
The Icinga Web 2 policy package does not enable booleans not required by default. In order to allow these things,
you’ll need to enable them manually. (i.e. with the tool
If you want to allow httpd to connect to the ldap port, you must turn on the
Disabled by default.
If you experience any problems while running SELinux in enforcing mode try to reproduce it in permissive mode. If the problem persists, it is not related to SELinux because in permissive mode SELinux will not deny anything.
When filing a bug report please add the following information additionally to the
* Output of
semodule -l | grep -e icinga2 -e icingaweb2 -e nagios -e apache
* Output of
semanage boolean -l | grep icinga
* Output of
ps -eZ | grep httpd
* Output of
audit2allow -li /var/log/audit/audit.log
If access to a file is blocked and you can tell which one, please provided the output of
ls -lZ /path/to/file and the
If asked for full audit.log, add
-w /etc/shadow -p w to
/etc/audit/rules.d/audit.rules and restart the audit daemon.
Reproduce the problem and add
/var/log/audit/audit.log to the bug report. The added audit rule includes
the path of files where access was denied.
If asked to provide full audit log with dontaudit rules disabled, execute
semodule -DB before reproducing the problem.
After that enable the rules again to prevent auditd spamming your logfile by executing