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Install Icinga 2 on SLES

Add Icinga Package Repository

We recommend using our official repositories. Here’s how to add it to your system:

SLES Repository

Info

A paid repository subscription is required for SLES repositories. Get more information on icinga.com/subscription

Don’t forget to fill in the username and password section with your credentials in the local .repo file.

rpm --import https://packages.icinga.com/icinga.key

zypper ar https://packages.icinga.com/subscription/sles/ICINGA-release.repo
zypper ref

You need to additionally add the PackageHub repository to fulfill dependencies:

source /etc/os-release

SUSEConnect -p PackageHub/$VERSION_ID/x86_64

Install Icinga 2

You can install Icinga 2 by using your distribution’s package manager to install the icinga2 package. The following commands must be executed with root permissions unless noted otherwise.

zypper install icinga2

Systemd Service

The majority of supported distributions use systemd. The Icinga 2 packages automatically install the necessary systemd unit files.

If you’re stuck with configuration errors, you can manually invoke the configuration validation.

icinga2 daemon -C

Tip

If you are running into fork errors with systemd enabled distributions, please check the troubleshooting chapter.

Set up Check Plugins

Without plugins Icinga 2 does not know how to check external services. The Monitoring Plugins Project provides an extensive set of plugins which can be used with Icinga 2 to check whether services are working properly.

These plugins are required to make the example configuration work out-of-the-box.

Depending on which directory your plugins are installed into you may need to update the global PluginDir constant in your Icinga 2 configuration. This constant is used by the check command definitions contained in the Icinga Template Library to determine where to find the plugin binaries.

Tip

Please refer to the service monitoring chapter for details about how to integrate additional check plugins into your Icinga 2 setup.

The packages depend on other packages which are distributed as part of the server:monitoring repository. Please make sure to enable this repository beforehand.

zypper install monitoring-plugins

Set up Icinga 2 API

Almost every Icinga 2 setup requires the Icinga 2 API as Icinga Web connects to it, Icinga DB requires it, and it enables cluster communication functionality for highly available and distributed setups.

Info

If you set up a highly available and/or distributed Icinga monitoring environment, please read the Distributed Monitoring chapter as the commands to set up the API are different from setting up a single node setup.

See the API chapter for details, or follow the steps below to set up the API quickly:

Run the following command to:

  • enable the api feature,
  • set up certificates, and
  • add the API user root with an auto-generated password in the configuration file /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf.
icinga2 api setup

Restart Icinga 2 for these changes to take effect.

systemctl restart icinga2

Set up Icinga DB

Icinga DB is a set of components for publishing, synchronizing and visualizing monitoring data in the Icinga ecosystem, consisting of:

  • Icinga 2 with its icingadb feature enabled, responsible for publishing monitoring data to a Redis server, i.e. configuration and its runtime updates, check results, state changes, downtimes, acknowledgements, notifications, and other events such as flapping
  • The Icinga DB daemon, which synchronizes the data between the Redis server and a database
  • And Icinga Web with the Icinga DB Web module enabled, which connects to both Redis and the database to display and work with the most up-to-date data

Icinga DB Architecture

Info

Setting up Icinga 2’s Icinga DB feature is only required for Icinga 2 master nodes or single-node setups.

Set up Redis Server

A Redis server from version 6.2 is required.

Info

This guide sets up the icingadb-redis package provided by Icinga, which ships a current Redis Server version and is preconfigured for the Icinga DB components. Using own Redis server setups is supported as long as the version requirements are met.

Icinga DB Redis

Tip

Although the Redis server can run anywhere in an Icinga environment, we recommend to install it where the corresponding Icinga 2 node is running to keep latency between the components low.

Install Icinga DB Redis Package

Use your distribution’s package manager to install the icingadb-redis package as follows:

zypper install icingadb-redis

Run Icinga DB Redis

The icingadb-redis package automatically installs the necessary systemd unit files to run Icinga DB Redis. Please run the following command to enable and start its service:

systemctl enable --now icingadb-redis

Enable Remote Redis Connections

By default, icingadb-redis only listens on 127.0.0.1. If Icinga Web or Icinga 2 is running on another node, remote access to the Redis server must be allowed. This requires the following directives to be set in the /etc/icingadb-redis/icingadb-redis.conf configuration file:

  • Set protected-mode to no, i.e. protected-mode no
  • Set bind to the desired binding interface or bind all interfaces, e.g. bind 0.0.0.0

Warning

By default, Redis has no authentication preventing others from accessing it. When opening Redis to an external interface, make sure to set a password, set up appropriate firewall rules, or configure TLS with certificate authentication on Redis and its consumers, i.e. Icinga 2, Icinga DB and Icinga Web.

Restart Icinga DB Redis for these changes to take effect:

systemctl restart icingadb-redis

Enable Icinga DB Feature

With the Icinga DB feature enabled, Icinga 2 publishes all of its monitoring data to the Redis server. This includes configuration and its runtime updates via the Icinga 2 API, check results, state changes, downtimes, acknowledgments, notifications and other events such as flapping.

Icinga DB Icinga 2

Icinga 2 installs the feature configuration file to /etc/icinga2/features-available/icingadb.conf, pre-configured for a local setup. Update this file in case Redis is running on a different host or to set credentials. All available settings are explained in the Icinga DB object chapter.

Important

For single-node and high-availability setups, please read the note about the environment ID, which is common to all Icinga DB components and generated by the Icinga DB feature.

To enable the icingadb feature use the following command:

icinga2 feature enable icingadb

Restart Icinga 2 for these changes to take effect:

systemctl restart icinga2

Install Icinga DB Daemon

After installing Icinga 2, setting up a Redis server and enabling the icingadb feature, the Icinga DB daemon that synchronizes monitoring data between the Redis server and a database is now set up.

Icinga DB Daemon

Tip

Although the Icinga DB daemon can run anywhere in an Icinga environment, we recommend to install it where the corresponding Icinga 2 node and Redis server is running to keep latency between the components low.

The Icinga DB daemon package is also included in the Icinga repository, and since it is already set up, you have completed the instructions here and can proceed to install the Icinga DB daemon on SLES, which will also guide you through the setup of the database and Icinga DB Web.

Backup

Ensure to include the following in your backups:

  • Configuration files in /etc/icinga2
  • Certificate files in /var/lib/icinga2/ca (Master CA key pair) and /var/lib/icinga2/certs (node certificates)
  • Runtime files in /var/lib/icinga2