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Importing CA certificates

The X.509 module tries to verify certificates using its own trust store. By default this trust store is empty and it is up to the Icinga Web 2 admin to import CA certificates into it.

Using the icingacli x509 import command CA certificates can be imported. The certificate chain file that is specified with the --file option should contain a PEM-encoded list of X.509 certificates which should be added to the trust store:

icingacli x509 import --file /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt

Scan Jobs

The X.509 module needs to know which IP address ranges and ports to scan. These can be configured in Configuration -> Modules -> x509 -> Jobs.

Scan jobs have a name which uniquely identifies them, e.g. lan. These names are used by the CLI command to start scanning for specific jobs.

Each scan job can have one or more IP address ranges and one or more port ranges. The X.509 module scans each port in a job’s port ranges for all the individual IP addresses in the IP ranges.

IP address ranges have to be specified using the CIDR format. Multiple IP address ranges can be separated with commas, e.g.:,

Port ranges are separated with dashes (-). If you only want to scan a single port you don’t need to specify the second port:


Scan jobs can be executed using the icingacli x509 scan CLI command. The --job option is used to specify the scan job which should be run:

icingacli x509 scan --job lan

Scheduling Jobs

Each job may specify a cron compatible schedule to run periodically at the given interval. The cron format is as follows:

*    *    *    *    *
-    -    -    -    -
|    |    |    |    |
|    |    |    |    |
|    |    |    |    +----- day of week (0 - 6) (Sunday to Saturday)
|    |    |    +---------- month (1 - 12)
|    |    +--------------- day of month (1 - 31)
|    +-------------------- hour (0 - 23)
+------------------------- minute (0 - 59)

Example definitions:

Description Definition
Run once a year at midnight of 1 January 0 0 1 1 *
Run once a month at midnight of the first day of the month 0 0 1 * *
Run once a week at midnight on Sunday morning 0 0 * * 0
Run once a day at midnight 0 0 * * *
Run once an hour at the beginning of the hour 0 * *

Jobs are executed on CLI with the jobs command:

icingacli x509 jobs run

This command runs all jobs which are currently due and schedules the next execution of all jobs.

You may configure this command as systemd service. Just copy the example service definition from config/systemd/icinga-x509.service to /etc/systemd/system/icinga-x509.service and enable it afterwards:

systemctl enable icinga-x509.service

As an alternative if you want scan jobs to be run periodically, you can use the cron(8) daemon to run them on a schedule:

vi /etc/crontab

# Runs job 'lan' daily at 2:30 AM
30 2 * * *   wwwdata   icingacli x509 scan --job lan